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Target text
Shadows of Ships and Shapes

Objective

Associate the sh digraph with the /sh/ sound and recognize the /sh/ sound in words.

 

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • ship
  • show
  • shape
  • shine
  • shoe
  • shark
  • shadow

Materials:

  • Flashlight
  • Toilet paper roll
  • Shapes*
  • Plastic wrap or sandwich bag
  • Example picture of the Make shadows of shapes activity* 
  • Shadows of objects that begin with /sh/*
  • Shadows of objects that don’t begin with /sh/
  • Shadows of Shapes target text* 
  • A Shadow of a Show target text*

*Items included below.

State and Model the Objective
The children will play with shadows and shapes and will recognize the initial /sh/ sound in words, such as shark, ship, shirt, and shorts.

Literacy Activities
Make shadow shapes

  • Choose a child to pick a picture of a shadow of an object that begins with /sh/ (see below).
  • Have the child identify the /sh/ shadow (i.e., “This shadow is in the shape of a ship. This is a shadow of a shoe.”).
  • Hold the /sh/ objects in front of a flashlight to make a shadow.
  • Say “This is a shadow of a ___(e.g., ship, shoe).”

Identify shadows that begin with /sh/ and ones that do not

  • Make shadows using /sh/ and non-/sh/ pictures (see below).
  • Make a T-chart with two columns labeled sh and no sh.
  • Ask the children if each shadow starts with sh
  • Invite a child to place the shadow under the correct column.
  • Write additional words that begin with /sh/ sound in the sh column. 
  • Comment on the pictures on the T-chart (i.e., “That is a ship. Ship starts with the /sh/ sound.”).

More Practice
Make shadows of shapes

  • Show the cut out shapes (found below) to the children (e.g., circle, square, triangle).
  • Shine a light on the shapes to make shadows of the shapes.
  • Shine a light through a toilet paper roll that has plastic wrap with a cut out shape attached to it on the other end (see example photo below).  
  • Have the children chant:
    • “A shadow of a shape. A shadow of a shape.
      Shine light on a shape to make a shadow of a shape.
      A shadow of a shape. A shadow of a shape.
      Shine light on a shape to make a shadow of a shape.”

  • Read the Shadows of Shapes target text to the children.
  • Read the target text again, but this time have the children take turns shining the flashlight everytime they hear a word that starts with the /sh/ sound.   

Read target words 

  • Read sentences to the children and have them raise their hands or circle the words that begin with the /sh/ sound.
    • She shopped for shorts, shirts, and shoes.
    • The shepherd sheared shaggy sheep.
    • The shed was in shambles.
    • The ship shook as it shoved away from shore.
    • The shoddy shack shook.
    • She shook at the shrill shriek.
    • Shoo the sheep away from the shed.
    • The shark shook the ship.
    • Shovel the shells off the shore.
    • Shift the shelf from the shack to the shed.
    • Share the shampoo with the sheep.     
    • You should shampoo the shaggy sheepdog.
    • She should share her sheet with the shivering sheepdog.
    • Shush—don’t shout when you shuffle and shift into the shade.
    • Shove the sharp shovel into the shack.
    • Show the shopper that the shop is in shambles. 
    • Shine the shoes and shift them on the shelf.
    • She shut the shop when the shoes shipped off. 

Write sh to go with words that start with the /sh/ sound 

  • Display the shadows of objects that begin with /sh/.
  • Label the pictures.
  • Have the children write the words that go with the pictures. Accept invented spelling but ensure that the sh is used.

Identify sh in a target text

  • Display the A Shadow of a Shoe target text and read it to the children.
  • Read the target text again and have the children circle words that start with sh.

SEEL Target Texts

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A Shadow of a Shoe

You can make shadows of things.
You can make a shadow of a shoe.
Hold up a shoe and shine a light behind the shoe.
You made a shadow of the shoe!
You can make a shadow of a shirt.
Hold up the shirt and shine a light behind the shirt.  
You made a shadow of the shirt!
If you shine light on shorts or a sheet,  you will get shadows.
And, If you had a shark, ship, or sheep, you could get shadows of them too!

Shadows of Shapes

You can make shadows of shapes.
I can show you how to make shadows of shapes.
Shine a light on a shape to make a shadow of a shape.
Shine a light on a square to get a shadow of that shape.
Shine a light on a circle to get a shadow of that shape.
Shine a light on any shape to make a shadow of that shape.
 

Printouts

Standards

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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.A: Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs.
2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.

http://education.byu.edu/seel/library/